Sclerotherapy treatment is the name for a non-surgical procedure to remove varicose veins. The procedure involves injecting a solution directly into the vein. This results in a reaction that progressively narrows the varicose vein. If the vein is labeled as a diseased vein, it will typically take several treatments to fade away completely. Among the various treatments available, many patients find spider vein treatment with sclerotherapy to be an effective option. Varicose vein sclerotherapy
Solutions used in a sclerotherapy injection procedure include hypertonic saline, polidocanol, and sodium tetradecyl sulfate
Length and details of the sclerotherapy injection procedure
The sclerotherapy procedure typically takes fifteen minutes to an hour, depending on the number and overall length of the spider veins.
Prior to sclerotherapy treatment, patients should avoid medications such as tetracycline or minocin, as these can cause the patient’s skin to discolor if taken 6 to 10 days before or after the sclerotherapy procedure. Your doctor will be able to advise you on any additional antibiotic medications you may be taking.
In addition to antibiotic-related precautions, patients should avoid aspirin, ibuprofen, and other anti-inflammatory drugs for 48 hours before and after the sclerotherapy procedure. Anti-inflammatory drugs can interfere with the effective action of the sclerosing Sclerotherapy
solution. If pain occurs before and after the procedure, patients can use Tylenol as it is not an anti-inflammatory drug. The doctor should be consulted before stopping any medication. People taking Prednisone should also consult their doctor as Prednisone can decrease the effectiveness of the sclerosing agent.
Potential side effects of sclerotherapy
Many side effects of sclerotherapy typically include things like bruising, burning sensations, and lumps in the affected areas. Most of these side effects will wear off in the ongoing healing process. Patients should be careful in the post-procedure period and avoid such activities that involve hot baths or hot steam for several days after treatment.
Serious complications following sclerotherapy are rare. Some of these complications are allergies to the sclerosing chemical, ulceration of the procedure area, and the possibility of deep vein thrombosis. Most allergic reactions occur with sodium tetradecyl sulfate and polidocanol sclerosing solutions. Ulcerations typically heal leaving only a small scar that can be surgically removed. For deep vein thrombosis, the risk is minimal when small veins are treated, but it sometimes occurs during a sclerotherapy procedure of larger varicose veins.
After the treatment the patient will be able to resume his normal activities and will be encouraged to walk. The individual will be instructed to wear support or compression bands to “compress” the treated areas. Intense physical activities such as weight lifting or aerobics classes are not recommended during this time.
Patients are recommended to avoid aspirin, ibuprofen, and other anti-inflammatory drugs for at least 48 hours after the procedure.
Long-term results of the sclerotherapy procedure
After a patient receives treatment via sclerotherapy, the venous system in the legs should function and appear as normal. In order to maintain the results and prevent new instances, it is necessary to observe several habits. Individuals should start or increase their vitamin C regiment to receive approximately 2,500 to 4,500 mg. of vitamin C on a daily basis. It is also recommended that people use the support hose whenever possible. To prevent it from recurring, you need to observe different habits while exercising. Activities that involve strain and damage the venous system of the lower body can cause the veins to stretch so that the valves can no longer close and prevent blood flow.